We propose a novel computer vision based fall detection system using deep learning methods to analyse the postures in a smart home environment for detecting fall activities. Firstly, background subtraction is employed to extract the foreground human body. Then the binary human body imagesform the input to the classifier.
Two deep learning approaches based on a Boltzmann machine and deep belief network are compared with a support vector machine approach. The final decision on the occurrence of a fall is made on the basis of combining the classifier output with certain contextual rules. Evaluations are performed on recordings from a real home care environment, in which 15 people create 2904 postures.