Highly discriminant visual features play a key role in different image classification applications. This study aims to realize a method for extracting highly-discriminant features from images by exploring a robust local descriptor inspired by Weber’s law. The investigated local descriptor is based on the fact that human perception for distinguishing a pattern depends not only on the absolute intensity of the stimulus but also on the relative variance of the stimulus. Therefore, we firstly transform the original stimulus (the images in our study) into a differential excitation-domain according to Weber’s law, and then explore a local patch, called micro-Texton, in the transformed domain as Weber local descriptor (WLD).
Furthermore, we propose to employ a parametric probability process to model the Weber local descriptors, and extract the higher-order statistics to the model parameters for image representation. The proposed strategy can adaptively characterize the WLD space using generative probability model, and then learn the parameters for better fitting the training space, which would lead to more discriminant representation for images. In order to validate the efficiency of the proposed strategy, we apply three different image classification applications including texture, food images and HEp-2 cell patternrecognition, which validates that our proposed strategy has advantages over the state-of-the-art approaches.