In this paper, we propose a robust control strategy for reducing system frequency deviation, caused by load fluctuation and renewable sources, in a smart microgrid system with attached storage. Frequency deviations are associated with renewable energy sources because of their inherent variability. In this work, we consider a microgrid where fossil fuel generators and renewable energy sources are combined with a reasonably sized, fast acting battery-based storage system.
We develop robust control strategies for frequency deviation reduction, despite the presence of significant (model) uncertainties. The advantages of our approach are illustrated by comparing system frequency deviation between the proposed system (designed via μ synthesis) and the reference system which uses governors and conventional PID control to cope with load and renewable energy source transients. All the simulations are conducted in the Matlab™ and Simulink™ environment.