In pattern recognition and computer vision, one is often faced with scenarios where the training data used to learn a model have different distribution from the data on which the model is applied. Regardless of the cause, any distributional change that occurs after learning a classifier can degrade its performance at test time.
Domain adaptation tries to mitigate this degradation. In this article, we provide a survey of domain adaptation methods for visual recognition. We discuss the merits and drawbacks of existing domain adaptation approaches and identify promising avenues for research in this rapidly evolving field.