The strong, neutral, or weak (SNoW) face impostor pairs problem is intended to explore the causes and impact of impostor face pairs that are inherently strong (easily recognized as nonmatches) or weak (possible false matches). The SNoW technique develops three partitions within the impostor score distribution of a given data set. Results provide evidence that varying degrees of impostor scores impact the overall performance of a face recognition system.
This paper extends our earlier work to incorporate improvements regarding outlier detection for partitioning, explores the SNoW concept for the additional modalities of fingerprint and iris, and presents methods for how to begin to reveal the causes of weak impostor pairs. We also show a clear operational difference between strong and weak comparisons as well as identify partition stability across multiple algorithms.