Mobile phone base station (tower) provides coverage for one or more geographical areas, known as cells. A mobile phone network is made up of a base station operating in conjunction with adjacent base stations. Base stations must be carefully located in relation to each other, so each cell in the network functions efficiently to ensure minimum interference between cells and good signal quality. One of the major problems for cellular wireless devices is calls being dropped and failure in downloading data. Our research uses a new recommendation in determining tower positions. Thus, providing an easy interface to replace traditional control methods and maintain signal levels.
The weak WiFi wave propagation outside tower’s coverage areas is investigated at the University of Bridgeport (UB) campus. The campus serves as good experimental settings because it exemplifies typical signal dead spots, locations where little to no WiFi signal is available. In this paper, we investigate path loss propagation between the base stations and we identify and categorize these problems. We then apply our path loss propagation algorithmic models to show that signal strength is significantly improved when applying the proposed model. Finally, we show the efficiency of the proposed positions.