Utilizing priors about the shape of retinal surface is important for accurate reconstruction. We present a detailed analysis of geometrical shape priors in the 3D reconstruction of retina. We first approximate the retinal surface either as a sphere inspired by the actual shape of the eyeball, or as a plane inspired by the 2D mosaicing approaches.
Based on this approximation, we perform an initial camera localization with a 2D-to-3D registration procedure. Then, parameters of the surface and the camera poses are refined through a nonlinear least squares optimization using different shape priors. The resulting 3D model and camera poses can be used for intuitively visualizing the retinal images with a model-guided browsing interface.