Detection and Classification of OFDM Waveforms Using Cepstral Analysis

Cepstral analysis has been widely used in audio and speech processing applications because of its ability to reveal periodicities in a signal. The presence of cyclic prefix (CP) in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) signals induces periodicities. Motivated by this, the paper focuses on cepstral analysis of OFDM signal. The distributions of cepstral coefficients are derived for two scenarios of noise only and OFDM signal in noise. It is shown that the OFDM cepstrum is significantly different from the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) cepstrum and can be used to detect OFDM waveforms. It is also shown that the cepstrum of OFDM is rich in features and can be used to estimate OFDM parameters such as number of subcarriers and length of the CP in an OFDM symbol.

These OFDM waveform parameters can be used to automatically recognize or classify different OFDM waveforms, which are important for cognitive radios, coexistence of heterogeneous networks and signal intelligence. Two schemes are proposed to detect OFDM based primary user (PU) signals in cognitive radio systems. The distributions of the test statistics under the two hypotheses are established. Neyman-Pearson detection strategy is employed. Algorithms for estimating the number of subcarriers and the length of the CP are proposed and their performances studied through simulations. Later the proposed schemes are extended to cooperative sensing scenario with multiple secondary users (SUs) and it is shown that the collaboration between them significantly improve the performance of the proposed cepstrum based detection and estimation schemes.

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