Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Turbine Systems Subject to Recurring Symmetrical Grid Faults

New grid codes demand the wind turbine systems to ride through recurring grid faults. In this paper, the performance of the Doubly Fed Induction Generator wind turbine system under recurring symmetrical grid faults is analyzed. The mathematical model of the DFIG under recurring symmetrical grid faults is established. The analysis is based on the DFIG wind turbine system with the typical Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) strategy – with rotor side crowbar.

The stator natural flux produced by the voltage recovery after the first grid fault may be superposed on the stator natural flux produced by the second grid fault, so that the transient rotor and stator current and torque fluctuations under the second grid fault may be influenced by the characteristic of the first grid fault, including the voltage dips level and the grid fault angle, as well as the duration between two faults. The mathematical model of DFIG under recurring grid faults is verified by simulations on a 1.5MW DFIG wind turbine system model and experiments on a 30kW reduced scale DFIG test system.

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