Effective interface trap characterization approaches are indispensable in the development of gate stack and dielectric surface passivation technologies in III-nitride (III-N) insulated-gate power switching transistors for enhanced stability and dynamic performance. In III-N metal-insulator-semiconductor high-electron-mobility transistors (MIS-HEMTs) that feature a buried channel, the polarized barrier layer separates the critical dielectric/III-N interface from the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) channel and consequently complicates interface trap analysis. The barrier layer not only causes underestimation/uncertainty in interface trap extraction using conventional ac-conductance method but also allows the Fermi level dipping deep into the bandgap at the pinch-off of the 2DEG channel.
To address these issues, we analyze the frequency/temperature dispersions of the second slope in capacitance-voltage characteristics and develop systematic ac-capacitance techniques to realize interface trap mapping in MIS-HEMTs. The correlation between ac-capacitance and pulse-mode hysteresis measurements show that appropriate gate bias need to be selected in the interface trap characterization of MIS-HEMTs, in order to match the time constant of interface traps at the Fermi level with ac frequency and pulsewidth.