On fusion for multispectral iris recognition

Multispectral iris recognition uses information from multiple bands of the electromagnetic spectrum to better represent certain physiological characteristics of the iris texture and enhance obtainedrecognition accuracy. This paper addresses the questions of single versus cross-spectral performance and compares score-level fusion accuracy for different feature types, combining different wavelengths to overcome limitations in less constrained recording environments. Further it is investigated whether Doddington’s “goats” (users who are particularly difficult to recognize) in one spectrum also extend to other spectra.

Focusing on the question of feature stability at different wavelengths, this work uses manual ground truth segmentation, avoiding bias by segmentation impact. Experiments on the public UTIRIS multispectral iris dataset using 4 feature extraction techniques reveal a significant enhancement when combining NIR + Red for 2-channel and NIR + Red + Blue for 3-channel fusion, across different feature types. Selective feature-level fusion is investigated and shown to improve overall and especially cross-spectral performance without increasing the overall length of the iris code.

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