The goal of this paper is to design a statistical test for the camera model identification problem. The approach is based on the state-of-the-art model of Discret Cosine Transform (DCT) coefficients to capture their statistical difference, which jointly results from different sensor noises and in-cameraprocessing algorithms. The noise model parameters are considered as camera fingerprint to identify camera models. The camera model identification problem is cast in the framework of hypothesis testing theory.
In an ideal context where all model parameters are perfectly known, this paper studies the optimal detector given by the Likelihood Ratio Test (LRT) and analytically establishes its statistical performances. In practice, a Generalized LRT is designed to deal with the difficulty of unknown parameters such that it can meet a prescribed false alarm probability while ensuring a high detection performance. Numerical results on simulated database and natural JPEG images highlight the relevance of the proposed approach.